Tuesday, August 20, 2019 Headlines | Marijuana Today Daily News


A sun-lit hemp leaf and young bud sits under bright light.

Marijuana Today Daily Headlines
Tuesday, August 20, 2019 | Curated by host Shea Gunther

// Credit Unions Can Bank Hemp Businesses, Federal Agency Announces (Marijuana Moment)

// Oregon Has Way Too Much Legal Weed. This Is Where It’s Going (Vice)

// Marijuana Taxes Differ In Legalized States, Complicating Projections (Marijuana Moment)


Today’s headlines are brought to you by our friends over at Eaze.com, California’s top one stop website for legal marijuana delivery. If you live in the golden state, swing over to Eaze.com to see if they are active in your area. With deliveries taking place in less than an hour, it’s never been easier to get legal California marijuana delivery. And of course, if you don’t live where Eaze delivers, you can still benefit from all the useful bits of industry insight and analysis they’ve developed using their properly aggregate and anonymized sales data stream.


// ‘The system is swamped.’ Canada can’t keep up with requests to study cannabis (Science Magazine)

// Columbia begins shipping CBD to Switzerland (Grizzle)

// Medicine Man Technologies Continues to Execute on Colorado Roll-Up Strategy with Announcement of $17.25 Million Pending Acquisition (New Cannabis Ventures)

// Canadian cannabis investors still waiting for a breakout company to emerge (Growth Op)

// Deschutes County imposes marijuana moratorium (Bend Bulletin)

// Louisiana medical cannabis supplies adequate, state says (Marijuana Business Daily)

// Bernie Sanders Calls For Legalization Of Marijuana And Safe Injection Sites (Marijuana Moment)


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Marijuana Today— Our flagship title, a weekly podcast examining the world of marijuana business and activism with some of the smartest people in the industry and movement.
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Amount rivals what Americans spend on alcohol — ScienceDaily


Spending on cannabis, cocaine, heroin and methamphetamine by Americans reached nearly $150 billion in 2016, with a large proportion of spending coming from the small share of people who use drugs on a daily or near-daily basis, according to a new RAND Corporation report.

Researchers estimate that from 2006 to 2016, the total amount of money spent by Americans on these four drugs fluctuated between $120 billion and $145 billion each year. By contrast, a different analysis finds that spending on alcohol in the U.S. was estimated to be $158 billion in 2017.

Total spending on cannabis, from both illegal and state-licensed sources, increased by approximately 50 percent from 2006 to 2016, from $34 billion to $52 billion. The market for cannabis is roughly the size of the cocaine and methamphetamine markets combined, and the size of the retail heroin market is now closer to the size of the marijuana market than it is to the other drugs, according to the analysis.

“To better understand changes in drug use outcomes and the effects of policies, policymakers need to know what is happening in markets for these substances,” said Greg Midgette, the study’s lead author, an assistant professor at University of Maryland and an adjunct policy researcher at RAND, a nonprofit research organization. “But it is challenging to generate these estimates, and given that critical data sources have been eliminated, it will likely be harder to generate these figures in the future.”

In addition to estimating expenditures on cannabis, cocaine, heroin and methamphetamine, researchers from RAND used a variety of sources of information about drug use and drug prices to also estimate the number of people who use these substances and how much they consume.

The report shows that after falling precipitously from 2006 to 2010, consumption of cocaine continued to fall slowly through 2015, then increased in 2016. Results suggest there were 2.4 million individuals who used cocaine on four more or days in the past month in 2015 and 2016. Results also suggest that consumption grew in 2016 among a stable number of users as the price per pure gram declined.

Consumption of heroin increased approximately 10 percent per year between 2010 and 2016, according to the analysis. Whereas most heroin consumed in the United States comes from poppies grown in Mexico, the introduction of synthetic opioids like fentanyl into heroin markets has increased the risk of using heroin and complicated market analyses.

There was a steady increase in the amount of heroin seized within the United States and at the southwest border from 2007 through 2016. Changes in the composition of heroin users, potentially involving increased use among individuals without criminal histories, have increased the uncertainty underlying these estimates.

From 2010 to 2016, the number of individuals who used cannabis in the past month increased nearly 30 percent, from 25 million to 32 million. Changes in the potency of marijuana and the proliferation of nonflower products such as oils and waxes have made weight-based consumption estimates obsolete and forced a change in how researchers calculate expenditures.

Researchers say their estimates about methamphetamine use are subject to the greatest uncertainty because national data sets do a particularly poor job of capturing its use.

The federal government discontinued a critical data collection effort in 2003, the Arrestee Drug Abuse Monitoring, or ADAM, right before methamphetamine use was believed to be at its first peak during 2004 to 2006.

ADAM not only collected detailed information about drug market transactions from arrestees, it also included a voluntary urine screen that could only be used for research purposes. A limited version of ADAM was brought back in 2007 and then eliminated after 2013, right when methamphetamine consumption was believed to be picking back up.

“While there is considerable uncertainty surrounding national methamphetamine estimates, multiple indicators suggest methamphetamine use has exceeded its previous peak around 2005,” said Beau Kilmer, co-author of the report and director of the RAND Drug Policy Research Center. “While there is much more we can do reduce opioid use disorders and poisonings involving synthetic opioids, we cannot ignore the growing problems associated with methamphetamine use.”

The RAND researchers note that one important step to better address use of methamphetamine and understand all drug markets would be to fund again some version of the ADAM program that covers urban and rural areas.

Support for the study was provided by the Office of Research and Data Analysis within the federal Office of National Drug Control Policy.



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Cannabis-related poison control calls for Massachusetts kids doubled after medical pot legalized — ScienceDaily


After medical marijuana became legal in Massachusetts, cannabis-related poison control calls involving the commonwealth’s children and teenagers doubled, according to a public health investigation led by University of Massachusetts Amherst injury prevention researcher Jennifer Whitehill.

The increase in calls to the Regional Center for Poison Control and Prevention at Boston Children’s Hospital occurred despite legislative mandates for childproof packaging and warning labels, and before the recreational use of marijuana was legalized for adults.

“As states across the country enact more permissive marijuana policies, we need to do more to promote safe storage in households with children,” says Whitehill, assistant professor of health promotion and policy and lead author of the research published in JAMA Network Open.

Whitehill and former UMass Amherst graduate student Calla Harrington analyzed data from the poison control center in collaboration with staff from the center, including medical director Dr. Michele Burns and clinical fellow Dr. Michael Chary. The research team reviewed the center’s data from 2009 through 2016 — four years before and four years after medical marijuana was legalized in Massachusetts.

During the study period, the poison control center received 218 calls from Massachusetts involving cannabis exposure in children and teens, from infancy to age 19, including 98 single-substance calls and 120 polysubstance calls. Those calls represented 0.15 percent of all poison control calls during that time period for that age group.

“While we’re pleased to see that the incidence is relatively low, we feel these cases are preventable, and the issue needs to be on the radar of policymakers and parents, particularly now that dispensaries are open for adult-use sales,” Whitehill says.

Some highlights of the findings:

  • The incidence of calls for single-substance cannabis exposure increased 140 percent during the study period — from 0.4 per 100,000 population before medical marijuana was legalized to 1.1 per 100,000 population after legalization.
  • Nearly 80 percent of the calls to the poison control center came from healthcare facilities, and, in terms of medical outcomes, most of the exposures resulted in moderate and minor effects. Four cases with major effects and no deaths were reported.
  • A little more than a quarter of the cases were reported as unintentional, with 19.4 percent of calls involving children from infancy through age 4.
  • Calls involving edible cannabis products increased for most age groups, including ages 15-19. Because other research has found that the proportion of teens using marijuana is remaining about the same even as marijuana laws are loosening, this finding suggests that teenagers may be caught off guard by the potentially potent effects of edibles and concentrated extracts, Whitehill says.

The paper concludes, “This study suggests that states liberalizing marijuana policies should consider strengthening regulations to prevent unintentional exposure among young children and enhancing efforts to prevent use by teenagers, with particular attention to edible cannabis products and concentrated extracts.”

Whitehill says the next step is to study the impact of marijuana’s legalization for adult use, which went into effect in late 2016. Two years later, in November 2018, marijuana retail stores began opening.

“Given what we’ve seen here,” Whitehill says, “I would expect the calls to the poison control center to increase even more.”

Story Source:

Materials provided by University of Massachusetts at Amherst. Note: Content may be edited for style and length.



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Friday, August 16, 2019 Headlines | Marijuana Today Daily News


A cured and trimmed marijuana bud sits on a window sill in the sun.

Marijuana Today Daily Headlines
Friday, August 16, 2019 | Curated by host Shea Gunther

// California now has the biggest legal marijuana market in the world. Its black market is even bigger (LA Times)

// Illegal pot still a source for 4 in 10 cannabis users, Stats Can survey shows (CTV News)

// Maryland’s Highest Court Rules Pot Smell Not Enough To Search Person (CBS Baltimore)


Today’s headlines are brought to you by our friends over at McCabe Law LLC of Portland Maine, which is partnering with the Climate Resources Group to throw a series of cannabis seminars starting Tuesday, August 20th, and running every 20th of the month through October. Attendees will get the straight scoop on the best way to get started in Maine’s legal cannabis industry. Find out more and purchase your own ticket at https://www.mccabelawllc.com/seminars.html.


// Short’s Brewing will make marijuana beverages, candy in partnership agreement (Michigan Live)

// High Times Partners With Clio To Launch Cannabis Marketing Awards (Times of CBD)

// Five Federal Agencies Respond To Presidential Candidate’s Hemp Banking Letter (Marijuana Moment)

// Federal Health Agency Releases List Of Marijuana Research Priorities (Marijuana Moment)

// New Mexico gov opposes opening medical cannabis market to nonresidents (Marijuana Business Daily)

// Outside Lands Music Festival Raked in $1 Million in Legal Weed Sales (Merry Jane)

// UFC star Nate Diaz lights up joint during open workout (NY Post)


Check out our other projects:
Marijuana Today— Our flagship title, a weekly podcast examining the world of marijuana business and activism with some of the smartest people in the industry and movement.
Marijuana Media Connect— A service that connects industry insiders in the legal marijuana industry with journalists, bloggers, and writers in need of expert sources for their stories.

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Thursday, August 15, 2019 Headlines | Marijuana Today Daily News


A bright green and leafy hemp plant grows under the blue sky.

Marijuana Today Daily Headlines
Thursday, August 15, 2019 | Curated by host Shea Gunther

// Canopy Growth, world’s largest pot company, lost $1 billion in three months (Market Watch)

// Your marijuana delivery is here – now smile for the body cam (Boston Globe)

// Mexico’s top court demands regulation on medical marijuana after long delays (Reuters)


Today’s headlines are brought to you by our friends over at McCabe Law LLC of Portland Maine, which is partnering with the Climate Resources Group to throw a series of cannabis seminars starting Tuesday, August 20th, and running every 20th of the month through October. Attendees will get the straight scoop on the best way to get started in Maine’s legal cannabis industry. Find out more and purchase your own ticket at https://www.mccabelawllc.com/seminars.html.


// UC Davis Will Start Doing Government-Sanctioned Cannabis Research (Merry Jane)

// New Mexico governor’s commission eyeing adult-use cannabis legalization (Marijuana Business Daily)

// Wholesale marijuana prices on upswing in more mature recreational markets, reports indicate (Marijuana Business Daily)

// In one month, 3,000 Pennsylvanians with anxiety certified for medical marijuana (Pennsylvania Capital-Star)

// Damaging hailstorm hits Oregon hemp farms, causes potentially millions in losses (Hemp Industry Daily)

// No, Drug-Sniffing Dogs Can’t Distinguish Between Marijuana And Hemp (Fresh Toast)

// Former Congressman Touts His Decades-Old Marijuana Bill At State Regulatory Meeting (Marijuana Moment)


Check out our other projects:
Marijuana Today— Our flagship title, a weekly podcast examining the world of marijuana business and activism with some of the smartest people in the industry and movement.
Marijuana Media Connect— A service that connects industry insiders in the legal marijuana industry with journalists, bloggers, and writers in need of expert sources for their stories.

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Photo: Martin Abegglen/Flickr



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Marijuana may boost risky effects of drinking alcohol — ScienceDaily


As the legalization of medical marijuana and marijuana use are both on the rise in the United States, people are not necessarily using alcohol less and may be unaware of the risks of combining alcohol and marijuana, according to researchers.

A new study from Penn State found that compared to people who only drank alcohol, those who used alcohol and marijuana simultaneously were more likely to drink heavier and more often. They were also more likely to experience alcohol-related problems — like impulsive actions they later regretted.

“The results suggest that individuals who simultaneously use alcohol and marijuana are at a disproportionately higher risk for heavy, frequent, and problematic substance use,” said Ashley Linden-Carmichael, assistant research professor at the Edna Bennett Pierce Prevention Research Center at Penn State.

The researchers said the findings — recently published in the journal Substance Use and Misuse — also suggest that prevention and intervention programs should take into account not just alcohol, but also if people are using additional substances, as well.

“Right now, a lot of campus programs focus on whether students are drinking, and while sometimes they are asked about other substances, it’s not necessarily whether they’re using these substances simultaneously,” Linden-Carmichael said. “I think we do need to be asking about whether they’re drinking in combination with other drugs and educating students about how that exacerbates their risk.”

According to the researchers, marijuana use is at an all-time high among young adults in the U.S., possibly leading to people using marijuana and alcohol simultaneously.

“The problem with simultaneous use is that it can affect people cognitively and perceptually, and also have an impact on motor impairment,” Linden-Carmichael said. “There is a burgeoning area of research that is examining why people are using marijuana and alcohol together and what those effects are.”

In the study, Linden-Carmichael said she and the other researchers were interested in learning more about how people use marijuana and alcohol together. They also wanted to explore whether personality traits — like the tendency to pursue new and exciting experiences, or “sensation seeking” — were associated with higher odds of using alcohol and marijuana at the same time.

The researchers recruited 1,017 participants from 49 states in the U.S. between the ages of 18 and 25 for the study. The participants provided information about how often they used alcohol, marijuana and the two substances simultaneously. They also filled out questionnaires that measured their experiences with alcohol-related problems, whether they had a sensation-seeking personality, and how they perceived the drinking habits of their friends.

Linden-Carmichael said that across the board, individuals who used alcohol and marijuana simultaneously were at a greater risk than individuals using alcohol alone.

“Even after controlling for the number of drinks a person typically consumed, people who used alcohol and marijuana at the same time were at a greater risk for problems like blacking out, getting in an argument, or other concerns,” Linden-Carmichael said. “Additionally, 70 percent of those who engaged in simultaneous use reported using at least weekly.”

The researchers found that among people who used alcohol and marijuana simultaneously, those who used more frequently were more likely to drink more alcohol, more often, and for longer periods of time. They were also associated with using more marijuana more often.

Additionally, they found that people who used alcohol and marijuana together were more likely to have higher levels of sensation-seeking characteristics and think their friends were drinking larger amounts of alcohol.

Story Source:

Materials provided by Penn State. Note: Content may be edited for style and length.



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Tuesday, August 13, 2019 Headlines | Marijuana Today Daily News


A budding and growing marijuana plant is brightly lit under indoor lights.

Marijuana Today Daily Headlines
Tuesday, August 13, 2019 | Curated by host Shea Gunther

// CannTrust sinks as Health Canada finds second facility non-compliant (BNN Bloomberg)

// Key Congressional Chairman Sends Marijuana Email To NORML Activists (Forbes)

// Legal Cannabis Mellowed Outside Lands Megafestival (Leafly)


These headlines are brought to you by Curaleaf, one of the leading vertically-integrated cannabis operators in the U.S. With legal medical marijuana dispensaries, cultivation sites, and processing facilities all over the United States, Curaleaf has served more than 150,000 medical cannabis patients and looks forward to helping many more long into the future. Swing over to Curaleaf.com to learn more about this very cool company!


// Pritzker signs two bills expanding medical cannabis program (25 News NBC)

// New Mexico closer to capping medical marijuana cultivation (Marijuana Business Daily)

// Scent of unburnt marijuana exclusively is not grounds to search warehouse, SJC rules (Boston Globe)

// Top Senate Democrat Calls On Federal Regulators To Clarify Hemp Banking Rules (Marijuana Moment)

// Health Canada Isn’t Too Worried About Canadian Producers on Snapchat (Leafly)

// First recreational marijuana store opens off Massachusetts mainland (Marijuana Business Daily)

// How the Dutch Spread Cannabis Across the World (Leafly)


Check out our other projects:
Marijuana Today— Our flagship title, a weekly podcast examining the world of marijuana business and activism with some of the smartest people in the industry and movement.
Marijuana Media Connect— A service that connects industry insiders in the legal marijuana industry with journalists, bloggers, and writers in need of expert sources for their stories.

Love these headlines? Love our podcast? Support our work with a financial contribution and become a patron.

Photo: Claudio Toledo/Flickr



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Marijuana Legalization Measures Gaining Momentum in Several States


Lawmakers in several states have recently moved forward legislative proposals to either legalize or decriminalize marijuana-related activities. Here is a look at where some of these efforts currently stand.

LEGALIZATION

New Hampshire: By a margin of 209 to 147, House members voted late last week in favor of House Bill 481, which legalizes the possession and cultivate of personal use quantities of cannabis by adults, and establishes a licensed system of commercial production and retail sales. The measure awaits action in the Senate and faces opposition from Republican Gov. Chris Sununu, who has pledged to veto any legalization bill, “regardless of what the language looks like.”

New Mexico: Members of the House voted 36 to 34 in favor of HB 356, which establishes a system of licenses, state-run marijuana retailers. Members of the Senate have until March 16 to act on the bill.

Vermont: Members of the Senate last week passed SB 54 by a vote of 23 to 5. The measure expands existing law to permit the state-licensed production and sale of cannabis to those age 21 or older. The measure now awaits action from members of the House.

DECRIMINALIZATION:

Hawaii: House members approved HB 1383, which removes criminal penalties for minor marijuana possession offenses (up to three grams) and expunges past criminal convictions. The measure now heads to the Senate.

New Mexico: Members of the Senate on Tuesday voted 30 to 8 in favor of SB 323, which reduces possession penalties for the possession of up to one-half ounce of cannabis to a $50 fine and no criminal record. It now goes to the House for further action.

OTHER REFORM BILLS

Florida: Senate members this week overwhelmingly approved legislation, SB 182, to lift the ban on the smoking of medical cannabis and/or the possession of herbal formulations of the plant. House members are expected to address the measure on Wednesday.

New Mexico: Members of the Senate overwhelmingly (33 to 2) passed SB 406 to expand greater medical access and to limit discrimination in the workplace and elsewhere against qualified patients. It now awaits action from the House.

Virginia: Legislation is before the Governor to expand the pool of health professionals who can approve cannabis therapy to include nurse practitioners and physician assistants. The measure, SB 1557, also permits qualifying patients access to a broader spectrum of products containing both plant-derived CBD and THC.

West Virginia: Legislation (HB 2538) to facilitate banking access for the medical cannabis industry is awaiting action from the Governor. If signed into law, it mandates that the “Commissioner of Financial Institutions shall not prohibit, penalize, incentivize, or otherwise impair a financial institution from providing services to a person or entity involved in a medical cannabis-related business.”

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Federal Agencies Weigh In on Legal Status of Hemp, CBD


WASHINGTON, DC — Representatives from the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and the US Department of Agriculture (USDA) testified last week with regard to federal efforts to regulate domestic hemp production and the sale of certain hemp-derived CBD products.

In December, Congress enacted legislation removing industrial hemp (defined as cannabis containing less than 0.3 percent THC) and products containing cannabinoids derived from hemp from the federal Controlled Substances Act.

In Congressional testimony last week, Agriculture Secretary Sonny Perdue said that the Department is working to create federal hemp regulations by 2020. Under the provisions of the 2018 Farm Bill, US states that wish to license commercial hemp cultivation must submit their plan to the USDA. However, the agency is not reviewing any state-specific plans until it has finalized its own federal regulations.

In separate testimony, outgoing FDA Commissioner Scott Gottlieb told Congress that the agency is considering various pathways to regulate hemp-derived CBD products, but cautioned that the process could take “two, three, [or] four years.”

The Commissioner has previously stated, “[I]t’s unlawful under the FD&C Act (US Food Drugs and Cosmetics Act) to introduce food containing added CBD or THC into interstate commerce, or to market CBD or THC products as, or in, dietary supplements, regardless of whether the substances are hemp-derived.”

That announcement led to regulatory agencies in several states pulling certain CBD-infused products from the retail market.

The FDA director told Congress that the agency will soon announce the formation of a “high-level working group” to begin addressing the issue, with public meetings beginning in April.

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